R&D in engineering
Research and development (R&D) relates to innovative efforts to develop, design, and enhance company products, services and technologies by creating new products, systems and features.
R&D and engineering have a close relationship as R&D is an important part of the engineering sector as it provides a platform for new innovations. With R&D, many engineering plants are able to create innovative solutions to increase their profits or solve problems as they are constantly finding ways of increasing their efficiency and effectiveness.
Aspects of engineering which are eligible for R&D
With the rapid prototyping of 3D printers, innovation has been made in this industry to develop many 3D printers which are designed to print with different materials for specific, precise purposes.
R&D in this field involves a range of activities gathered to develop and improve the quality of planning, design, construction and operation of buildings. The products include innovations such as 3Doodler, Volvo solar pavilion and infinity towers.
Biochemical engineers are required to make innovation in designing pharmaceuticals and biomedical devices that improve people’s health.
R&D has had a tremendous impact on the aerospace industry. This industry employs designers and jet engineers to work in research and development of new aircraft and technologies.
Inside this field, automotive engineers design new vehicles or find a way of improving the old automotive engineering technology. The engineers use design software to make new vehicle designs or systems.
R&D in this field is vital in designing, planning, construction and management of infrastructures such as roads, buildings.
R&D is helping infrastructure engineers to become innovative in designing, coordinating and maintaining infrastructures.
A civil engineer is expected to design, plan and construct infrastructure including buildings and roads. Many innovations are done nowadays in this field through research and development.
Many developments are done in this filed. Electrical appliances are being updated every day and new ones developed.
In this field, innovation is required at large for a company to survive in the competitive field of chemical engineering.
Protection to a country is the main thing to consider. Military engineering is composed of many R&D innovations since the military requires modern facilities to keep their country safe.
R&D in the Green engineering field is concentrated on decreasing the amount of pollution generated during construction.
Innovation made in this field is concerned with the engineering behaviour of earth materials such as rocks.
Engineering of manufacturing
This field of engineering is concerned with the design and operation of manufacturing systems for a product. Manufacturing engineers have to be innovative enough to design new systems.
With modern technology in motorsport, this sector is using R&D to operate more efficiently.
Engineering of hydrology
Research and development have brought many innovations in this field which focuses on water resources.
Marine technology engineering
R&D has a huge impact on development, design, operation and maintenance of watercraft propulsion and on-board systems such as marine vehicles (surface ship and submarines)
Engineering relating to materials
Material engineers have invested in R&D to develop, process and test materials that create a wide range of products.
In this filed R&D involves creating, designing, improving mechanical tools, engines and machines.
Plant engineers are expected to do research and development on automation, electrical systems, mechanical operations and maintenance to give strategic manufacturing knowledge.
With the transformation of raw materials and energy to products, a processing plant should utilise R&D to enhance its productivity.
With the modern design and mechanisms of extracting crude oil and processing, companies involving petrochemical engineering employ R&D to operate.
In this field, a power engineer should carry out research and development on matters that concern generation, transmission, distribution and consumption of electric power.
Rail transport systems focus on research and development to develop new trains, new rails and many other transport solutions.
Multiple aspects of software design are dependant on research and development to deliver the lastest software innovations.
With the development of modern surveying instruments such as theodolites, R&D has helped grow innovations in this field.
Telecoms and network engineering
In this sector, R&D is used to enhance modern telecommunications networks.
Analysis and design of structures require research and development to ensure structures are built in the most efficient and safe way possible.
Designing and managing complex systems, the systems engineering sector is employing R&D to ensure the latest systems can be utilised and employed efficiently.
With the design, operation and management of facilities concerned with any mode of transport, this sector is employing R&D to operate more intuitively.